Isaiah 22:15 – 25, Matthew 6:19 – 24, Luke 16:19 – 31
Isaiah 22:15–16 (NKJV)
15 Thus says the Lord God of hosts: “Go, proceed to this steward, To Shebna, who is over the house, and say: 16 ‘What have you here, and whom have you here, That you have hewn a sepulcher here, As he who hews himself a sepulcher on high, Who carves a tomb for himself in a rock?
I Shebna – self sufficiency.
II Eliakim – trusting in man.
Shebna inscription from Silwan tomb, Caryn Reeder, courtesy of the British Museum
A stone lintel over a tomb was found in an eight- to seventh-century cemetery in the Silwan area on the eastern slope of the Kidron Valley in Jerusalem. It reads: “This is [the tomb of Shbn]yhu, who is over the house. No silver or gold is here, but rather [his bones] and the bones of his servant-woman with him. May the one who opens this be accursed.”640 This fits the time and circumstances of tomb building mentioned in the Isaiah passage. The name Shebna is also inscribed on an eighth- to seventh-century scarab found in Israel, with the fuller Shebnayahu on other inscriptions.642
Walton, J. H. (2009). Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (Old Testament): Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel (Vol. 4, p. 94). Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.