Luke 22:1 – 30, Exodus 12:1 – 28, 24:1 – 8
Luke 22:1 (NKJV)
1Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called Passover.
Luke 22:7 (NKJV)
7Then came the Day of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover must be killed.
Luke 22:14 (NKJV)
14When the hour had come, He sat down, and the twelve apostles with Him.
Luke 22:19 (NKJV)
19And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
Luke 22:20 (NKJV)
20Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you.
III Personal eating and drinking
The Order of The Passover Feast
The main elements were as follows:
1. A prayer of thanksgiving by the head of the house; drinking the first cup of (diluted) wine.
2. The eating of bitter herbs, as a reminder of the bitter slavery in Egypt.
3. The son’s inquiry, “Why is this night distinguished from all other nights?” and the father’s appropriate reply, either narrated or read.
4. The singing of the first part of the Hallel (Psalms 113, 114), and the washing of hands. The second cup.
5. The carving and eating of the lamb, together with unleavened bread. The lamb was eaten in commemoration of what the ancestors had been commanded to do in the night when the Lord smote all the first-born of Egypt and delivered his people (Exod. 12 and 13). The unleavened bread was in commemoration of “the bread of haste” eaten by the ancestors.
6. Continuation of the meal, each eating as much as he liked, but always last of the lamb. The third cup.
7. Singing of the last part of the Hallel (Psalms 115–118). Fourth cup.
Hendriksen, W., & Kistemaker, S. J. (1953–2001). Exposition of the Gospel According to Luke (Vol. 11, pp. 959–960). Grand Rapids: Baker Book House.